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快递查询demo

发布于 2022-06-30 阅读 243
  • Java
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import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.*;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * 快递查询DEMO
 * @author micro.cloud.fly
 * @date 2022/6/30 2:19 下午
 * @desc
 */
public class Demo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String url="http://v.juhe.cn/exp/index";
        String query="com=jd&no=您要查询的快递单号&senderPhone=&receiverPhone=&dtype=&key=您的请求凭证APPKEY";
        String response = Demo.doGet(url,query);
        System.out.println(response);

    }
    /**
     * get方式的http请求
     *
     * @param httpUrl 请求地址
     * @return 返回结果
     */
    public static String doGet(String httpUrl, String queryParams) {
        HttpURLConnection connection = null;
        InputStream inputStream = null;
        BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
        String result = null;// 返回结果字符串
        try {
            // 创建远程url连接对象
            URL url = new URL(new StringBuffer(httpUrl).append("?").append(queryParams).toString());
            // 通过远程url连接对象打开一个连接,强转成httpURLConnection类
            connection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            // 设置连接方式:get
            connection.setRequestMethod("GET");
            // 设置连接主机服务器的超时时间:15000毫秒
            connection.setConnectTimeout(5000);
            // 设置读取远程返回的数据时间:60000毫秒
            connection.setReadTimeout(6000);
            // 发送请求
            connection.connect();
            // 通过connection连接,获取输入流
            if (connection.getResponseCode() == 200) {
                inputStream = connection.getInputStream();
                // 封装输入流,并指定字符集
                bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(inputStream, StandardCharsets.UTF_8));
                // 存放数据
                StringBuilder sbf = new StringBuilder();
                String temp;
                while ((temp = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                    sbf.append(temp);
                    sbf.append(System.getProperty("line.separator"));
                }
                result = sbf.toString();
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            // 关闭资源
            if (null != bufferedReader) {
                try {
                    bufferedReader.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (null != inputStream) {
                try {
                    inputStream.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (connection != null) {
                connection.disconnect();// 关闭远程连接
            }
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 将map型转为请求参数型
     *
     * @param data
     * @return
     */
    public static String urlencode(Map<String, Object> data) {
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        for (Map.Entry<String, ?> i : data.entrySet()) {
            try {
                sb.append(i.getKey()).append("=").append(URLEncoder.encode(i.getValue() + "", "UTF-8")).append("&");
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        String result = sb.toString();
        result = result.substring(0, result.lastIndexOf("&"));
        return result;
    }
}

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